Work from Wherever Index

Best countries to work abroad from

Why work from home when you can work from another country and explore in your free time? Swap out grey cityscapes with sweeping olive groves, sunsets over the sea, or vibrant metropolises. Let our index show you which countries are best for remote work and travel adventures.

Before planning your journey, be sure to check the latest travel restrictions in your destination. Our travel restrictions map provides real-time updates on COVID-19 restrictions and entry requirements of individual countries around the world.Learn more

Best countries to work from based on 22 factors

One big revelation that arose from the last couple of years is that working from home can be very productive. But at the same time, staring at the same view and only having the dog to bounce ideas off can be extremely... uninspiring. Our new index ranks 111 countries according to their remote working conditions and opportunities to have amazing travel experiences.

Using 22 different factors divided into six different categories like health and safety conditions, travel prices and social opportunities, the index gives clear insights into the countries that would be easiest for you to work from while having a lot of fun in your off hours. See which countries came out as the best places to be your new office away from home.

Click on a category to expand it and see individual factors. Click on a factor's arrow to sort the ranking based on that factor.

Rank
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Country
Portugal
Spain
Romania
Mauritius
Japan
Malta
Costa Rica
Panama
Czech Republic
Germany
image/svg+xml
Final Score
100/100
93/100
92/100
90/100
90/100
89/100
86/100
85/100
84/100
83/100
Travel
68/100
72/100
75/100
70/100
70/100
75/100
72/100
84/100
70/100
69/100
Local prices
76/100
71/100
87/100
84/100
60/100
60/100
76/100
77/100
79/100
60/100
Health & Safety
94/100
84/100
71/100
70/100
79/100
89/100
79/100
60/100
84/100
88/100
Remote work
59/100
67/100
67/100
56/100
75/100
60/100
49/100
54/100
54/100
62/100
Social life
91/100
77/100
67/100
2/100
94/100
10/100
47/100
30/100
70/100
100/100
Weather
37/100
30/100
11/100
67/100
38/100
36/100
73/100
78/100
20/100
16/100

The factors presented are in the original data values but the total score and category scores are presented on a 1-100 scale, with 100 being the best (or cheapest), based on the normalization calculations. For more info please see the full Methodology.

Top countries

1. Portugal

Final score: 100

Portugal was ranked the all-round best country to work remotely from worldwide. Some of the primary reasons why it came in Nr. 1 is because Portugal offers a remote work visa, many locals have a high English proficiency, it's very politically stable with an absence of violence, and it has great weather with low air pollution.

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2. Spain

Final score: 93

Spain came in as the second-best country worldwide to work remotely from. Some of the reasons why it placed so well is because it has fast internet speed, plenty of co-working spaces and remote visas for freelancers. It also has very few serious car accidents and is very LGBT-friendly.

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3. Romania

Final score: 92

Romania came in Nr. 3 worldwide for working remotely from, primarily because it offers very attractive prices. Romania has cheap car hire and hotel prices, plus affordable long-term apartment rentals and local food. It also has fast internet speed and many locals who speak English.

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Work from Wherever Index - Methodology

Data in six categories has been collected in order to rank countries in terms of their attractiveness for remote work: Travel, Local prices, Health & safety, Remote work, Social life and Weather.

Within these categories, a total of 22 factors have been defined to reach a comprehensive overview of aspects that travelers may encounter and care about when deciding on the destination for remote work.


A total of 111 countries have been included in this analysis. These are the most searched destinations on our site as well as countries / territories that have announced their enhanced visa policies for remote workers.


All sources have been accessed and data retrieved between 1 September – 20 October 2021. The numbers collected are based on the latest available data. See the full list of data sources.


  1. For each of the 22 factors, a weight indicating its importance has been assigned (1 - lowest, 5 - highest). Internet speed is regarded as one of the most important considerations, hence it has been assigned the highest weight together with the remote work visa policies. It is closely followed by factors such as apartment rental prices, local prices, political stability, LGBT equality and English proficiency. Weight 3 has been assigned to factors in the travel and weather categories, local transportation prices, air pollution exposure, car accidents, co-working spaces, social life factors such as going out possibilities, and cultural attractions.
  2. Values within each factor were firstly normalised using formulas: score = 10 * (x - min(X)) / (max(X) - min(X)) and score = 10 - 10 * (x - min(X)) / (max(X) - min(X)) for inverted values (e.g. car accidents where the lower value is better).
  3. The weighted average score of the factors has been calculated for each country.
  4. Lastly, the weighted average score of the factors has been normalised using the formula score = 99 * ( ( (x - min(x) ) / ( (max(x) - min(x) ) ) + 1 to reach the final score on a scale between 1 and 100 (with 1 being the lowest and 100 the highest score).

The same procedure has been applied separately for scores within individual categories to determine category scores (e.g. a Travel score is based on a calculation of four travel factors).


Data sources & factor definitions

Travel

The Travel category comprises four factors:

Accessibility

Defined by the weekly number of flight routes to/from the destination country.

Source: KAYAK internal data

Avg. hotel prices

Avg. hotel price per night in GBP for standard double room across all hotel types. Prices based on the search period Jan-Sept 2021 for travel period: Jan-Dec 2022.

Source: KAYAK internal data

Avg. car hire prices

Avg. prices for a car hire per day in GBP and across all vehicle classes. Prices based on the search period Jan-Sept 2021 for travel period: Jan-Dec 2022.

Source: KAYAK internal data

Fuel prices

Euro-super 95, avg. price (GBP) for 1 litre from the period 11 - 17 Oct 2021.

Source: GlobalPetrolPrices.com (Data from Oct 11- Oct 17 2021)


The Local prices category comprises four factors:

Apartment rental prices per month (avg. long-term stays)

Apartment (1 bedroom) outside of city centre, price per month (GBP).

Source: Numbeo (Sourced 20 Sept 2021)

Apartment rental prices per day (avg. short-term stays)

Avg. apartment price per night in GBP. Prices based on the search period Jan-Sept 2021 for travel period: Jan-Dec 2022.

Source: KAYAK internal data

Local transportation prices

Avg. one-way ticket price for public transport (GBP) derived from prices in available cities.

Source: Numbeo (Sourced 12 Oct 2021)

Local food prices

Avg. recommended budget per month (GBP).

Source: Numbeo (Sourced 12 Oct 2021)

Restaurant prices

Avg. price (GBP) for a meal for 2 people (three courses) in a mid-range restaurant.

Source: Numbeo (Sourced 12 Oct 2021)


The Health & safety category comprises four factors:

Political stability

Political stability and absence of violence / terrorism (percentile rank).

Source: WGI (Sourced 7 Oct 2021)

Air pollution exposure

Exposure to PM2.5, micrograms per cubic metre (2019 data).

Source: OECD

LGBT equality

Legal rights, scale 1-100 (worst-best).

Source: Equaldex (Sourced 7 Oct 2021)

Car accidents

Estimated road traffic death rate (per 100,000 population).

Source: WHO


The Remote work category comprises four factors:

Internet speed (Download)

Avg. download speed in mbps on a country level. Results based on tests from 11.04.2021 to 11.10.2021.

Source: Broadband Speed Checker

Internet speed (Upload)

Avg. upload speed in mbps on a country level. Results based on tests from 11.04.2021 to 11.10.2021.

Source: Broadband Speed Checker

Remote work visas

Information on the remote work visas is based on the information sourced from the official websites of the reviewed countries’ authorities. Source: Local & Governmental sites (Sourced: October, 2021)

Source: Local & Governmental sites

Co-working spaces

Estimated number of co-working spaces in a country (per capita).

Source: Coworker (Sourced 4 Oct 2021)


The Social life category comprises three factors:

English Proficiency Index score

The EF English Proficiency Index (EF EPI) score is based on test data from more than 2,200,000 test takers around the world who took the EF Standard English Test (EF SET) or one of EF English placement tests in 2019. Read more about the EF EPI here. For countries where an EF EPI score is not available but where the English language is an official language, the highest EF EPI score of 652 was applied.

Source: EF EPI (Accessed on 29/09/2021)

Going out

Avg. number of bars and clubs in five major cities (per 100,000 inhabitants).

Sources: Open Street Map

Culture

Avg. number of theatres, museums and galleries in five major cities (per 100,000 inhabitants).

Sources: Open Street Map


The Weather category comprises two factors:

Precipitation

Avg. monthly precipitation (in mm) throughout the year, based on major cities.

Source: Weatherbase

Temperature

Avg. monthly temperature (Celsius) throughout the year, based on major cities.

Source: Weatherbase